首页  | 联系我们 |   
首    页 攀登简讯 下载专区 明德项目 阅读项目 教师文集 家长园地 攀登故事 研究动态 攀登视频 攀登社区
· 这些热词,就是你筹备英语测验的重点!
· LILY英语春季学期学生精神饱满上第一堂课
· 2010具投资代价连锁加盟品牌机构提名:洪恩教
· 舒淇瑞士实行“钟表师” 新告白3月登岸中国(
· 杭州英语口语班
您现在的位置:主页 > 阅读项目 >

英语语法入门进修之从句篇:定语从句

来源:http://www.pandengenglish.net/yueduxiangmu/

  定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词,词组或代词即先行词。定语从句凡是呈此刻先行词之后,由相关词(相关代词或相关副词)引出。

  相关代词有:who, whom, whose, that, which等。

  相关副词有:when, where, why等。

  相关代词引导的定语从句

  相关代词所取代的先行词是人或物的名词或代词,并在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等因素。相关代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句谓语动词的人称和数要和先行词保持同等。

  1)who, whom, that

  这些词取代的先行词是人的名词或代词,在从句中所起浸染如下:

  Is he the man who/that wants to see you? 他就是想见你的人吗?(who/that在从句中作主语)

  He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday. 他就是我昨天见的那小我私人。(whom/that在从句中作宾语)

  2)Whose

  用来指人或物,(只用作定语, 若指物,它还可以同of which交流),譬喻:

  They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down. 那人车坏了,各人都跑已往资助。

  Please pass me the book whose (of which) cover is green. 请递给我那本绿皮的书。

  3)which, that

  它们所取代的先行词是事物的名词或代词,在从句中可作主语、宾语等,,譬喻:

  A prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the countryside. 农村呈现了亘古未有的繁荣。(which / that在句中作宾语)

  The package (which / that) you are carrying is about to come unwrapped. 你拿的包快散了。(which / that在句中作宾语)

  相关副词引导的定语从句

  相关副词可取代的先行词是时刻、所在或来由的名词,在从句中作状语。

  1)when, where, why

  相关副词when, where, why的寄义相等于"介词+ which"布局,因此经常和"介词+ which"布局瓜代行使,譬喻:

  There are occasions when (on which) one must yield. 任何人都有不得不屈服的时辰。

  Beijing is the place where (in which) I was born. 北京是我的出生地。

  Is this the reason why (for which) he refused our offer? 这就是他拒绝我们辅佐他的来由吗?

  2)that取代相关副词

  that可以用于暗示时刻、所在、方法、来由的名词儿女替when, where, why和"介词+ which"引导的定语从句,在口语中that常被省略,譬喻:

  His father died the year (that / when / in which) he was born. 他父亲在他出生那年逝世了。

  He is unlikely to find the place (that / where / in which) he lived forty years ago. 他不大也许找到他四十年前栖身过的处所。

 


帐号:
密码:
     

您认为攀登英语网怎么样
一般
  Copyright © 2005-2015 攀登英语网 http://www.pandengenglish.net 版权所有